Jaw cysts can have various causes and can form in all regions of the maxilla and mandible. The most common are cysts caused by an inflammation that develops in the area of inflamed teeth (radicular cyst). Similarly, cysts often develop around displaced teeth (follicular cyst). Since cysts in most cases are painless, they often remain unnoticed by the patient, and can thereby assume considerable proportions.
It is necessary that cysts be treated surgically as soon as possible. In general, cysts can completely be removed, the remaining cavity ossifies (repairs itself) during the months following the removal of the cyst.
Very large cysts cavities, however, should be filled with a bone graft, in order to ensure long-term stability of the jaw. Bone marrow is usually taken from the pelvis bone of the patient and transplanted into the cyst cavity. This type of surgery can be performed under general anesthesia, either on an inpatient or outpatient basis.